In the United States the role of cooperation in economic affairs often is overlooked because Americans see themselves as individuals, and organize their affairs in competitive fashion. Competition means acting alone for individual success. Cooperation is much different. Enterprises in the same business see one another not as rivals but as partners. Cooperation means acting together because in acting alone the individual member cannot succeed at all or succeed as well. Acting together is the distinguishing feature of an authentic cooperative. It is an intermediate stage between acting alone and turning to the government for protection or assistance. Overwhelmingly U.S. wine production originates with vineyards and wineries acting alone. Nevertheless, we uncovered a few instances where grapes are grown and wine is produced by enterprises acting together. Additionally, we identified four other types of cooperatives: grape-to-juice, wine wholesale, wine marketing, and wine-maker philanthropic.